What the oil company does not want you to know!
By Daniel Towsey
Do you heat your home with a furnace or boiler? Will if you do you need to read this.
Do you want to reduce your heating costs substantially and make your home more comfortable at the same time? Will read on then.
I discovered long ago how to reduce my heating costs by more than 75 %. Here's what I did..
First; You need to supply fresh air to your burner(s). Install a four inch tube, like a drier duct, to within a foot of your burner, but make sure it is flush with the floor (sideways). Make sure you wrap insulation around it. Don't worry it will not cool down your basement. At the point where you have a hole to the outside, you can use a drier exhaust vent. But be sure to remove the flap. Then insert some screening to keep bugs from entering. By doing this you will eliminate all the drafts coming into your home. You see when a furnace is operating it is sending a huge amount of air up the chimney. This air needs to enter your home from somewhere. So while your furnace is trying to heat your home it is also drawing cold air in from every hole or crack possible. This situation is much worse for newer airtight homes. For the burner is starving for oxygen. The less fresh oxygen the cooler your flame is going to be. An oxygen starved flame creates a lot more air pollution, and uses a lot more oil.
Note; If you have a non electric hot water tank or clothes dryer. You'll need to install another fresh air duct for it too.
Two; Do you want to control the humidity in your home? Here's what you need to do. Find the fresh air return duct in your basement. Find a suitable location. You need to cut a hole under it the same size as the duct. Install a (wood works fine) duct going from the hole all the way down to eight inches from the basement floor. This will draw in colder humid air off the basement floor. This gives you two benefits. One it warms up the basement and two it provides humidity that is desperately needed upstairs in winter. Which will actually make your home feel warmer. A dry house feels colder.
Note; The above applies to gas, propane or oil furnaces.
Three; Adjust the thermostat inside that little thermostat box attached to the hot air duct somewhere just above your burner. Make sure you adjust it so that the fan will shut off when the furnace cools down to about one hundred degrees Fahrenheit. And comes on when the furnace reaches about a hundred and fifty degrees. But this depends a bit on your particular furnace.
Four; Now this is where you can save a lot of money. If you change the orifice on your burners nozzle to one with a smaller hole. It will cause the oil to be sprayed to a finer higher pressure mist. Which causes the oil to burn hotter. This really works. But I caution you. There is a big draw back with the newer furnaces. Which have a plenum made with thin sheet metal. Over time (in years) this hotter flame will eventually burn through your thin sheet metal plenum. This reduces the life of your furnace. So I recommend that you only reduce the size of the orifice just a little bit. This is not a problem for older (boilers) or furnaces which have a very thick cast iron plenum. Now if you choose to do this you will have to increase the speed of your fan. Some fans have different size pulleys just for this purpose. If yours does not have this kind of pulleys you'll need to change the pulley(s) to speed up your fan to increase the volume of air that is displaced. Make sure you replace your filter more often after you speed up your fan.
Five: You should already have a draft control on your exhaust pipe (to chimney) If you don't have one please put one in. Now make sure yours is the adjustable type. Test it when your furnace or hot water tank is not running. It should be perfectly horizontal when closed and at ninety degrees to the floor. If its properly adjusted it will be fully closed. Now touch the flap with your finger (push on it). It should take almost no effort to make it open and close. If it does not open really easily than there is to much weight against it. Adjust the weight to make it so it opens really easy.
Wall thermostat: If you remove the cover off your thermostat you well see a little circular disk like thingy. On it you'll see numbers. It has a little tab that you can move around it. The purpose for this Is to adjust the furnace to shut down sooner or later. Its purpose is to shut off the burner but the fan keeps running until the furnace cools downs to about a hundred degrees. You can play around with this setting to test what is more suitable for your home. Have you ever found it hard to adjust the temperature in your home? Do you find that your furnace keeps running to long after your home has warmed up? Will this is why. You'll need to adjust it with trial and error until you get it where you want it.
Ideas; There are many other common and will known things you can do like insulate, install vapour barrier, upgrade your windows and doors etc. But one thing that I never see done in most homes is something that some old farm homes used to have. When your house is constructed. The main entrance should actually have two doors. When you enter from the outside you should actually enter into a foyer. Where your closet should be. After you take your winter clothes off, then you would walk through a second door into the house. This set up would save you a lot of money in heating by eliminating the cold air from entering directly into your house. This also works for air conditioned homes in hot climates.
I hope this information has been helpful.…now tell others.
This article can be freely copied and distributed, but only in Its entirety.…if you quote from it, you must include a link to where you originally found the complete article. Thank You!